User defined functions are a useful tool when working with SQL Server. However recently as Luvy and I were working on creating a stored procedure we found out that user defined functions cannot be executed across a linked server in the usual way. We ran our tests on SQL Server 2008, but I believe this issue is applicable in SQL Server 2000 and 2005 as well.
The specific problem we encountered was that we wanted to select data from a user defined function via the linked server into a temporary table while passing variable parameters to the function.
After some trial and error we discovered two ways that one can execute user defined functions via a linked server. One can use the command: Openquery or one can use the command sp_executesql
We first tried using the command Openquery, but encountered roadblocks when when passing in parameter variables.
Then when we tried using the sp_executesql command, which ended up working like a charm.
Below is an example of the sp_executesql command we ran cross server using two parameter variables called Field1 and Field2.
declare @Field1 char(4) declare @Field2 char(8) set @Field1 ='1234' set @Field2 = '567' INSERT INTO #TheTempTable (Field1, Field2, Amt, [Year], [Month] )exec CROSSSERVER.databasename.dbo.sp_executesql N' SELECT @Field1,@Field2,* from databasename.dbo.dbFnc(@FromDate,@ToDate,@Charge)', N'@Field1 char(4),@Field2 char(8), @FromDate smalldatetime,@ToDate smalldatetime, @Charge money',@Field1=@Field1, @Field2=@Field2,@FromDate=@FromDate,@ToDate=@ToDate, @Charge=@Charge select * from #TheTempTable drop table #TheTempTable
- MSDN tSQL Documentation
- Microsoft Support
- PRB: User-Defined Function Call in Four-Part Linked Server Query Fails with Error Message 170
- SQLTeam: How To Call A UDF From Different Server